Articles

Visualization speaks more than a thousand numerals

Calculations and measurements produce numbers. People have evolved to interpret things they sense in their surroundings, not series of numbers. The brain is at its most accurate when analyzing images, so it is natural to visualize the research results into images

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Revealing the functional mechanism of the main protease of SARS-CoV-2

Ilpo Vattulainen's group is using atomistic molecular dynamics simulations and machine learning techniques to unveil the mechanism of action of the main protease (mPro) of the SARS-COV-2 virus.

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Seeking to understand language by learning from translations

MultiMT, one of CSC's Puhti supercomputer pilot projects, uses deep learning and neural machine translation to discover meaning that is not dependent on any single language.

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The aftermath of the LUMI end user webinar

CSC organized a webinar for LUMI supercomputer's end users. The webinar included presentations and the audience had a chance to ask questions related to LUMI.

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Kvasi — CSC acquires quantum computing simulator

The selection of services at CSC is soon augmented by a quantum computing simulator, capable of simulating algorithms for quantum computers of up to 30 qubits. The quantum simulator gives the Finnish science and research community the means to prepare for the upcoming era of quantum computing.

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Using computer simulations in search of drugs against SARS-CoV-2

The researchers are searching areas on the surface of the new corona virus S-protein to which the drug could bind while preventing the virus from binding the ACE2 protein on the surface of human cells. The computing capacity reserved by CSC for research against the COVID-19 pandemic has significantly accelerated the progress of the research.

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CSC offered resources in a virtual Biohackathon helping to develop new tools for COVID-19 analysis

More than 20 different projects and over 500 scientists, software developers and clinicians met in the online event from 5 to 11 April with a goal to improve the accessibility of COVID-19 data, protocols, analysis pipelines and provide dedicated compute resources to execute demanding data analysis tasks.

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LUMI provides new opportunities for artificial intelligence research

Researcher Kimmo Kartasalo from Tampere University is very familiar with the requirements of artificial intelligence applications. Kartasalo believes that LUMI supercomputer and its huge computing capacity will open up a lot of different research opportunities, for example, in research utilizing AI.

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LUMI will be here in one year

When the operations of LUMI will start in the beginning of 2021, LUMI will be one of the most competitive supercomputers in the world. The design philosophy for LUMI was to create a platform which make the use of AI, especially deep learning, and traditional large scale simulations combined with massive scale data analytics possible in solving one research problem.

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New tools for quantum chemistry at high energies and loose bindings

Controlling radiation damage is a significant problem in the design and development of fusion reactors. Computational modeling of the radiation damage caused by the energetic particles generated by the fusion reactions hitting the walls of the reactor requires accurate knowledge of the highly repulsive part of the interatomic potential energy curve.

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Environmentally friendly cooling for a supercomputer

Granlund has designed the data center for the European supercomputer to be located in Kajaani. The data center operations are carbon neutral – the carbon footprint may even be negative.

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LUMI brings new possibilities for social sciences

A huge increase in the amount of data has brought computational methods also to other branches of science, including human sciences, as the digitalisation of society changes research conducted in social sciences.

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Artificial intelligence detects and grades prostate cancer nearly without error

Researchers from the University of Tampere and Karolinska Institute in Stockholm trained artificial intelligence to diagnose and grade prostate cancer. The artificial intelligence system could correctly identify biopsies containing cancer nearly without error.

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Experiments and simulations provide atomistic insights into the structure of a key bioenergetic protein

Researchers from Finland and Germany have investigated experimentally and computationally the structure of a key enzyme, the respiratory complex I, and found an important substrate molecule bound to the protein cavity.

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Katse asiointikokemukseen! Digisfäärin esipäivässä kehitettiin oppijan ja tutkijan polkuja

Digisfäärin alla Aalto-yliopiston ja CSC:n yhteistyöllä toteutettu workshop-päivä kokosi koulutuksen asiantuntijoita jäsentämään, kehittämään ja rakentamaan korkeakoulujen oppijan ja tutkijan polkuja. Yli 80 ilmoittautunutta osoitti asiakaskokemuksen olevan korkeakouluille ajankohtainen aihe.

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New Method of Analysis Developed by International Research Group Produces Accurate Information on the Structure of Carbon

The international research group has taken a new step forward in describing the atomic nature of carbon-based materials. Detailed information on carbon surfaces can be obtained using X-ray spectroscopy. The spectrum it produces is challenging to interpret, however, because it summarizes information from several local chemical environments of the surface. This is where computational methods provide a new alternative, whose results are easier to interpret.

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Three decades of supercomputers

The Finnish research community has been using computers since the Univac 1108, but the era of “supercomputers” is considered to have begun in Finland in the autumn of 1989, when the Cray X-MP was installed in the computer room of the State Computer Centre, the predecessor CSC.

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Monitoring agreements with Open Access elements: why article-level metadata are important

The Knowledge Exchange Monitoring Open Access task and finish group has undertaken research on agreements with OA elements set between consortia from KE countries and major publishers between 2016 and early 2019.

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Using digital tools to enable lifelong learning – alternatives identified by Compleap presented in final seminar of the project

The EU project Compleap has been developing new digital solutions for supporting the lifelong learning of citizens over the past two years. The topic is particularly topical in the educational sector and society in general . The results of the project were presented on Monday 14 October, the opening day of the European Vocational Skills Week, which is one of the side events of Finland’s Presidency of the Council of the European Union, in Helsinki.

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Ductile glass won’t break

An international research team succeeded in creating ductile glass, which will not break as normal glass does, but rather flex and stretch. In simulations, researchers found that the movement of atoms - viscous creep at the atomic level - explains how the glass can deform without fracturing.

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