Open scholarship is at the core of European collaborative network Knowledge Exchange’s (KE) mission: “enabling open scholarship by supporting an information infrastructure on an international level”. But what does it really mean for KE, its partners and their research communities?
Knowledge Exchange has recently published a report on Open Scholarship offering a framework for its work around open scholarship, meaning an inclusive synonym for open science, open research and science 2.0. Building on former expert work around the research data and open access, this shared vision of the KE partners points to areas where the shift towards openness should happen. It identifies actions to give the ecosystem of open scholarship a decent push to get to our vision to be reality of top-level research.
Clarifying the concepts
One of the most valuable parts of the new report is to initiate a discussion of concepts on the expert level. Openness and open scholarship are something that many are talking about; many projects and initiatives are trying to improve conditions for opening up science. With this report KE aims to reduce the complexity of implementing open scholarship through better understanding of the concepts.
Therefore, this report includes a first draft of the KE Open Scholarship Framework and a categorization of some existing pieces of work. It brings together processes, phases and other dimensions of research that have an influence on, or hold a stake in, the overall functioning of open scholarship.
"The planned activities create a great opportunity to share our experiences and to learn from best practices and case studies from other KE partner countries."
The conceptual work for this report has been carried out by an advisory group, which includes open scholarship experts from both inside and outside of the KE partner organizations, and this work was coordinated and edited by Cameron Neylon, Curtin University, Western Australia.
Activities to take up
Next, to provide a framework of thinking, this report identifies two major topics with many questions still unanswered for the science to be more open.
Firstly, the Economy of Open Scholarship is about improving our economic understanding of the processes, supporting services, and organizational forms that underpin the full research cycle. Secondly, the Output and Evaluation from the Researcher’s Perspective highlights that the key to changing scholarly practice lies in incentives, and therefore, in the evaluation mechanisms that researchers experience.
These two topics will act as the starting point of possible activities to be carried out by KE over the next years. Therefore, the report highlights gaps between the work that addresses the high level issues theory and the work that looks beyond single case studies and interventions. The aim is to try and build understanding from the bottom up.
As our national effort, National Initiative for Open Science and Research (ATT) is coming to its end in its current form, from a Finnish point of view the work described in this report and the planned activities create a great opportunity: to share our experiences and to learn from best practices and case studies from other KE partner countries – and to be part of this international initiative creating new knowledge regarding open scholarship.
Writer: Riina Salmivalli is member of Knowledge Exchange Representative Group. The Knowledge Exchange (KE) partners are six key national organizations within Europe tasked with developing infrastructure and services to enable the use of digital technologies to improve higher education and research: CSC in Finland, CNRS in France, DEFF in Denmark, DFG in Germany, Jisc in the UK and SURF in the Netherlands.